Indian lawyer, activist, and politician Motilal Nehru (1861–1931) belonged to the Indian National Congress. Additionally, he presided over Congress twice. He was the ancestor of the Nehru-Gandhi dynasty and the father of India’s first prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru.
Motilal Nehru was, the posthumous son of Gangadhar Nehru and his wife Indrani. He was born three months after his father’s death. His father was Indian police officer, who served as the last kotwal of Delhi in the court of the Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah II.
The Nehru family home in Delhi had been robbed and burned down during the Mutiny in 1857, when India was fighting for independence. After passing the bar exam in 1883, Motilal started working as a lawyer in Kanpur. Motilal at the age of 25 became sole bread-earner of the extended Nehru family.
He served as The Leader’s first board chairman. The Leader is a prestigious daily published in Allahabad. He began publishing The Independent on February 5, 1919, as a counterblast to The Leader, which Motilal felt was far too liberal for his standard and well-reasoned philosophy at the time.
Motilal Nehru was among the first people to change his life in 1918, inspired by Mahatma Gandhi, by giving up western clothing and material possessions and embracing a more traditional Indian way of life.
He was profoundly affected by the 1919 Jallianwala Bagh massacre, and it has been claimed that he wrote, “My blood is boiling,” after it.
During the Non-Cooperation Movement, he was detained. Despite being originally sympathetic to Gandhi, he openly criticised his decision to halt civil resistance in 1922 when a riotous mob killed several police officers in Chauri Chaura, Uttar Pradesh.